Looking for beers to try in the Limousin region? Here are a few ideas.
5 FRENCH BEERS TO TRY IN LIMOGES
France is usually far better known for its wine than its beer, but the Limousin region may be one of a handful of exceptions. Thanks to the great quality of the water in this region, artisanal beer has been brewed here as early as the 18th century. In Limoges, the region’s capital, the first brewery dates to 1765, and between 1895 and 1970, over 50 breweries could be found in the Limousin region.
One of the region’s most famous breweries, Mapataud, remained a leader in the local industry until the 1950s, when more northern regions stole the local brewing thunder.
While many of these historic breweries have since disappeared, a renewed interest in brewing in France in general and in the region, in particular, has brought beer brewing in the Limousin back into the spotlight; today, there are 14 breweries in the region. With this in mind, here are the top 5 beers to try in Limoges and the Limousin region.
5. Michard Ambrée
Three of the beers on this list come from Limoges’ premier modern brewer, Michard, in operation since 1996. Michard operates both a brewpub in the city center and a brewery a bit outside the center, where one can still sample homemade flammekeuche – eastern French flatbreads a bit similar to a pizza–, as well as house-smoked salmon alongside the beers. The brewpub in the center not only has a more extensive menu, but also offers beer-based cocktails.
I was treated to a tour of the newer brewery, where brewing has increased by five times from the old days though you can still find the old brewing equipment on display at the brewpub. At the new brewery, Mr. Michard works with his daughter Julie, a former optician who has devoted herself to the family trade, and together they craft local products using live yeasts from two original sources chosen specifically by Mr. Michard himself. Four different beers, as well as a whiskey, are made on the premises.
Ambrée is often my favorite French beer style. In fact, when Julie, my guide, asked me to guess which one I would like most before tasting, I guessed the ambrée. While it was quite delicious, I was wrong about my top choice – more to follow on that in a moment! The Michard ambrée is a 5.5% ABV brown ale with a light, malty sweetness and a touch of hop bitterness on the end. It’s not quite as long on the palate as many that I’m used to, but it’s rich in flavor and very drinkable over a long period of time, even with lighter flavored foods. I find it lovely paired with the house flammekeuche.
4. Michard Brune
Perhaps the most surprising beer on this list was the brune, also from Michard. This dark beer pours like a stout but is closer to a Belgian-style ale. It offers a rich, chocolate aroma, and a cherry-like flavor. At only 6% ABV, it isn’t at all heavy. The richness of the beer only kicks in on the back of the palate, making it very drinkable.
Julie suggested adding a touch of something sweet, like grenadine, to create a beer cocktail that’s the perfect winter aperitif. Alternatively, it would pair quite nicely with a glazed duck magret.
3. Maquisarde Ambrée
Yet another ambrée to make the list – Maquisarde is an organic variety made by La Ferme Brasserie des Monts et Barrages. This young brewery, founded in 2009, has been selling artisanal beer made with home-grown products since 2010. Nicolas Brillou is at the head of this venture, which produces about 500 liters a week in several different styles: a light blonde in the pils style, a bitter amber beer and a light blanche, along with several seasonal beers like chestnut ambrée or apple blanche, the ingredients for which are all grown on-site.
The maquis referred to in the beer’s title is a reference both to the maquis shrubland that makes up this part of France and to the French Resistance movement that called themselves the Maquisards.
This amber’s light, yeasty, malty aroma and delicate, soft effervescence are extremely pleasing. There is a light head that dissipates almost immediately, but the flavor lasts, making this a really nice beer for an aperitif. I would also serve it with roast pork and potatoes.
2. Michard Blonde
I am continuously surprised by the pils-style blondes produced in France. This light, 4.5% ABV beer made, once again, by the Michard brewery, has a lovely, balanced flavor right off the bat. There is a certain richness that comes from this balance: a touch of malty sweetness, the distinctive, hay-like flavor that stems from the house variety of yeast and just a hint of hoppy bitterness.
This beer is the one that, for me, pairs the best with Michard’s food offerings of flammekeuche, but I would also pair it with a burger in classic pub fashion.
1. Lepère Defrance Blonde
Lepère Defrance, based in Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche, produces a variety of artisanal beverages, from homemade sodas to four different beers in different styles. The blonde is dubbed “la délicieuse” or the delicious by the company, and I tend to agree.
This beer boasts fine, almost Champagne-like bubbles and an herbal, citrusy hop aroma. Its long-lasting hoppy flavor is composed of citrus on the front of the palate with a slightly bitter finish. The beer has a mild malty warmth as well which, for me, creates the perfect balance. This flavorful beer pairs perfectly with a burger, but if you’d rather stick with regional specialties, it’s also a nice match for the rich, garlicky flavor of Limousin grillons (a sort of pork pâté indigenous to the region).
Canning the American spirit one craft beer at a time.
WALK INTO 21ST AMENDMENT BREWERY in San Francisco's historic South Park neighborhood and you may think the pub has been a neighborhood watering hole for decades — the floor-to-ceiling windows, exposed grid of wooden rafters, and Americana art just feel authentic and familiar. Hung on the wall on the left, a faded oil painting of a proud pair of brewmasters with mutton chops and a handlebar-mustache adds a touch of mystique, like seeing a portrait of the grandfather who founded a successful family business and wondering who this man was. Where did he find his ambition and stamina? But upon discovering the clean-cut reality of the duo portrayed in the painting, brewery co-founders Shaun O'Sullivan and Nico Freccia, and the disco ball spinning above their brewing facilities, you realize that this pub has effectively modernized traditional brewing culture into a humorous, creative experiment, and you're just along for the ride, brew in hand.
When we opened the pub, the 21st Amendment meant a lot to us as this ethos of reestablishing the essence of the neighborhood gathering place that was wiped out by Prohibition,” says Freccia, over a watermelon-wedged pint of summery Hell or High Watermelon Wheat Beer. “We wanted the pub to be a neighbor- hood gathering place and to have that warm, comfortable and timeless feel.”
And gathering place it has become — it’s late afternoon on a Monday in June and already, San Francisco Giants fans have flooded the pub, hoping to watch the game with better beer and a friendlier setting than what the nearby ballpark has to offer. From baseball to beer, American culture has been at the heart of 21st Amendment Brewery since the very beginning, when Freccia and O'Sullivan opened their doors in 2000.
We just felt like the 21st Amendment was really about this notion of celebrating the spirit of Americans, the American pioneering spirit, of being innovative and different, of doing our own thing, of pushing through adversity regardless to make things happen,” explains Freccia.
Like any new project, founding the brewpub wasn't free of challenges. In addition to raising enough funds and coming up with creative brews people wanted to drink, Freccia and O'Sullivan had to convince customers that canned craft beer is just as tasty as that out of the glass bottles they were used to. O'Sullivan knew that it would take more than an education of the advantages of canning — increased protection from light and oxygen, greater transportability and recyclability, and even faster chilling time — to win over customers.
We really wanted to shock and awe people with what you are capable of doing in a beer can,” says O'Sullivan.
A venture to Belgium was in order, where they toured small, traditional breweries to come up with their next brew. Enter Monk's Blood, 21st Amendment Brewery's unique take on a dark Belgian-style ale, brewed with eight malts, cinnamon, vanilla bean and dried black mission figs. While they had brewed it once for San Francisco's Strong Beer Month a couple years prior, Monk's Blood's canned debut wowed customers with its rich mahogany hue, notes of caramel and spice and deep bitter flavor.
It really blew people's minds and they didn't know what to think. We spent so much time when we first started just talking about the can and not the liquid inside. This really forced people to say 'Oh my god! You really can have good beer in a can!'” recalls O'Sullivan.
The brewery soon started to focus on a new tactic to drive people to pick up the cans and take a sip: clever, stylized labels to match the witty beer names. O'Sullivan and Freccia channeled their hard-rock cores when they christened their midnight black IPA “Back in Black,” complete with a bad-ass illustration of Paul Revere making his legendary midnight ride — on a Harley Davidson. They also pay tribute to Ham the Space Chimp from the early American space program on the packaging of their pale gold session ale “Bitter American.”
Freccia explains, “NASA and the space program are obviously a very big part of our national pride and that, coupled with the fact that this particular monkey was probably the bitterest American because he was sitting somewhere in a happy lab in Florida eating bananas one day and the next day he's floating in outer space, like ‘What the heck happened to me?’ So we're trying to find new ways to have fun with American themes and put our own little twist. Like the watermelon wheat beer named Hell or High Watermelon, it sort of means that American spirit is 'come hell or high watermelon,' we'll get it done. We don't let things deter us.”
To design the striking art featured on the cans, 21st Amendment teamed up with Bend, Ore.'s, advertising company TBD — the same group that worked on art for Deschutes Brewery. O'Sullivan and Freccia say they don't view nearby brewers as competition, but rather as an opportunity for cooperation.
If one word could describe brewers, it's that we collaborate on every level,” explains O'Sullivan. “Whether we're making a beer together or whether someone needs ingredients like malt, hops, or some kind of technology that we might be able to offer or share. I think the craft beer world is about people who are doing it because they're passionate about it, because they love craft beer.”
In fact, this camaraderie is how the pair first discovered their mutual interest in opening a brewpub. Freccia, a Bay Area correspondent for Celebrator Beer News magazine in the ’90s, met O'Sullivan during an interview for a story. O'Sullivan was working as an assistant brewer at Berkeley's Triple Rock Brewery at the time, and later invited Freccia to become a guest brewer after they completed a short course on brewing together.
I remember Nico was mucking out the mash ton and I said, ‘Hey, what do you want to do with the rest of your life?’” O'Sullivan recalls.
Both homebrewers, Freccia brought years of restaurant industry experience to the table, while O'Sullivan developed a plan for funding, and 21st Amendment was born. The duo says that it was the perfect solution to paying the bills doing what they loved — and not having anyone to answer to.
Want to know what our philosophy on beer is?” says Freccia. “Whatever the hell we want.” And what they want is big, bold beer with surprising elements. O'Sullivan adds, “West-Coast-style beers are more hop-centric and hop-forward — they're bigger, they're bolder, they're stronger, there's more alcohol. I think we do it better than the rest of the world.”
Now, the only people they seem to disappoint are their partner distributors, who deliver the beer to 16 states and counting. O'Sullivan says shorting their orders is regular business, as they're brewing at maximum capacity in their limited space. Despite close quarters, they still brew enough to have at least six rotating beers on tap at the pub, perfect for pairing with their regular menu of grilled classics, artisan pizzas, killer burgers, and desserts. They also use their beer as an ingredient in some of their dishes (Back in Black Baby Back Ribs come slathered with black beer barbecue sauce). Where their creativity really thrives, though, is in the regular events they host at the pub.
We did a beer brunch this year, where we had a Belgian waffle with an imperial stout whipped cream and a watermelon beer syrup,” says Freccia. “We also did a chocolate dinner one night in here with [Pete Slosberg, founder of Pete's Brewing Company in Texas]. The whole restaurant was sold out, and we did nine courses. Every course, the food was made with chocolate, and we paired each with a different beer, including a number of chocolate beers. In fact, we made a lighter, paler beer that had white chocolate in it, and then we had chocolate stout and a salad with chocolate shavings on it. It was amazing!”
Whether they're celebrating the end of Prohibition at their annual Repeal Day party with 5-cent pints and a speakeasy-style bash or just kicking back with fellow brewers and sausages made with 21st Amendment beers for a Brewers' Sunday Tea (trust me, no one's drinking English Breakfast at this Strong Beer Week event), they still manage to find time to enliven the spirit of a traditional neighborhood pub with events to engage the community.
People drink beer whether they are happy or sad, whether the Giants win or the Giants lose, whether they have a job or they don't have a job,” says Freccia. “It's been a lucky time to be in this business and we're just grateful.” As for upcoming plans, O'Sullivan puts it simply: “Make more beer.”
This serving was originally published in our Grilling 2012 digital issue.